Sea-based drug smuggling

Drug smuggling in the Indian Ocean.

How Sea-Based Drug Trade Undermines Democracy

The east African coast plays an increasingly significant role in the global heroin trade. Heroin is shipped from Afghanistan via a network of maritime routes stretching along East and Southern Africa. Known as the ‘southern route’, this trade corridor is increasingly used by drug traffickers as a route for illicit shipment to Western Europe.

Sea routes to East Africa are considerably harder to police, and illegal drug flows via these networks are on the rise. This expansion of the heroin trade has also been driven by the rapid growth of opium production in Afghanistan: resulting in a perfect storm of supply and demand.

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