Cybersecurity at Port Facilities: Making Rules Requires Rulemaking
By CDR Michael C. Petta, USCG
Following the September 11, 2001 attacks, the U.S. Coast Guard led the way on maritime security by shaping new international rules, national laws, and domestic regulations to protect maritime shipping and infrastructure. These changes set the standard in the global fight against threats to port facilities and served as the template for new regimes negotiated at the International Maritime Organization (IMO).
Yet in recent years, U.S. domestic regulations have not kept pace with the ever-expanding risks posed by emerging threats at sea—especially with cyber risks. As a result, American maritime infrastructure has become more vulnerable to disruptive and destructive threats in the cyber domain.